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Processing Zinc Ore Germanium

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processing zinc ore germanium

Germanium is mainly a byproduct of zinc ore processing. It is a hard, grayish-white element; it has a metallic luster and the same crystal structure as diamond; and it is brittle, like glass.In addition, it is important to note that germanium is a semiconductor, with electrical properties

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processing zinc ore germanium

Germanium Basic Facts. Germanium is found in argyrodite (a sulfide of germanium and silver), in germanite (composed of about 8% of the element), in coal, in zinc ores, and other minerals. The element may be commercially prepared from the flue dusts of smelters processing zinc

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Review of germanium processing worldwide ScienceDirect

Mar 01, 2004Germanium is extracted by means of complex processes from zinc residues in particular which also contain metal values such as cadmium, gallium, and indium. On a global

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Processing Zinc Ore Germanium

High Purity Germanium, a Review on Principle Theories . 2017-9-1 main sources: zinc ores processing and coal fly-ashes. While most of Germanium produced is a by-product of zinc

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Zinc Ore an overview ScienceDirect Topics

Zinc is produced from ore mining, mineral processing, concentration, roasting, leaching, purification and electrolysis. Table 14 describes the major findings and recommendations from

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How to Increase Germanium Extraction from Zinc

Sep 18, 2018Zinc Processing Steps Roasting: Zinc concentrates containing minor amounts of Fe, Cu, Pb, SiO2, Ga, and Ge are roasted at 900° to 1,100°C to convert ZnS to ZnO. It is

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Review of germanium processing worldwide ResearchGate

Germanium is extracted by means of complex processes from zinc residues in particular which also contain metal values such as cadmium, gallium, and indium. On a global basis, over 20

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(PDF) Germanium: Current and Novel Recovery Processes

The main sources of Ge are sul des ores of Zn, Pb, and Cu, coal depos its, as well as by-products and residues from the processing of these ores and coals (e.g., smelting ue dust

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Extraction Processes for Gallium and Germanium: Mineral

Apr 27, 2007Gallium is conventionally obtained as a byproduct of aluminum, and germanium as byproduct of zinc processing. An exception to this rule is the Apex Mine ore which has

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processing zinc ore germanium

Germanium Statistics and Information USGS. 2021-6-1 Germanium is mainly a byproduct of zinc ore processing. It is a hard, grayish-white element; it has a metallic luster and the same crystal structure as diamond; and it is brittle, like glass.

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Germanium Statistics and Information U.S. Geological Survey

Germanium is mainly a byproduct of zinc ore processing. It is a hard, grayish-white element; it has a metallic luster and the same crystal structure as diamond; and it is brittle, like glass. In addition, it is important to note that germanium is a semiconductor, with electrical properties between those of a metal and an insulator.

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US4090871A Process for the recovery and purification of germanium

The invention provides a process for recovering germanium as germanium oxide from a germaniferous metallic zinc which involves distilling the germaniferous metallic zinc under non-oxidizing conditions, recovering the distillation residue which contains the germanium, leaching the recovered distillation residue with chlorine water to convert the germanium into

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Process for the recovery and purification of germanium from zinc ores

The invention provides a process for recovering germanium as germanium oxide from a germaniferous metallic zinc which involves distilling the germaniferous metallic zinc under non-oxidizing conditions, recovering the distillation residue which contains the germanium, leaching the recovered distillation residue with chlorine water to convert the germanium into

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Extraction of gallium and germanium from zinc refinery

Sep 01, 2016The EPMA results of the residue are shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Table 4.It can be inferred from Fig. 2 and Table 4 that the main phase in spot 1 is zinc sulfate, which contains small amounts of gallium and germanium; spots 6, 11 and 13, which have slightly higher gallium and germanium contents than the zinc sulfate, are primarily zinc ferrite; similarly, spots 3 and 8

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zinc processing Ores Britannica

Zinc ores are widely distributed throughout the world, although more than 40 percent of the world’s output originates in North America and Australia. The common zinc-containing minerals are the zinc sulfide known as zinc blende or sphalerite (ZnS), a ferrous form of zinc blende known as marmatite [(ZnFe)S], and a zinc carbonate known as calamine or smithsonite

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Germanium USGS

Germanium-containing concentrates in Alaska were exported to a refinery in Canada for processing and germanium recovery. A zinc smelter in Clarksville, TN, produced and exported germanium leach concentrates China 85,700 86,000 content of zinc ores are not available. Russia 5,000 5,000 Other countries. 10. 40,000 40,000 World total (rounded

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Extraction Processes for Gallium and Germanium: Mineral Processing

Apr 27, 2007Gallium is conventionally obtained as a byproduct of aluminum, and germanium as byproduct of zinc processing. An exception to this rule is the Apex Mine ore which has served as the only primary source in the world for direct production of gallium and germanium. In addition, the solvent extraction and bioleaching possibilities of these metals

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Germanium Wikipedia

Some zinc-copper-lead ore bodies contain enough germanium to justify extraction from the final ore concentrate. An unusual natural enrichment process causes a high content of germanium in some coal seams, discovered by Victor Moritz Goldschmidt during a broad survey for germanium deposits. The highest

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High Purity Germanium, a Review on Principle Theories and

ciations with Germanium are Arsenic, Gallium, Silicon, Tin, Zinc, and other ele-ments [3]. The industrial production of Germanium nowadays comes from two main sources: zinc ores processing and coal fly-ashes. While most of Germanium produced is a by-product of zinc processing, some Germanium is extracted from

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Processing Processing Inc Ore Germanium

Germanium is mainly a byproduct of zinc ore processing. It is a hard, grayish-white element; it has a metallic luster and the same crystal structure as diamond; and it is brittle, like glass. In addition, it is important to note that germanium is a semiconductor, with electrical properties between those of a metal and an insulator.

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Leaching of Germanium from Zinc Residue in H 2 SO 4 /SO 2

Jun 05, 2018Zinc residue with high germanium, a waste solid product of hydrometallurgical zinc process is dumped continuously, causing the loss of germanium. Zinc residue was characterized by chemical analysis, X-ray diffraction, and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry methods. The results showed that, the mineralogical compositions of the zinc

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Leaching of zinc and germanium from zinc oxide dust in sulfuric

Dec 01, 20211. Introduction. The two main sources of germanium for industrial production are smelting residues from lead-zinc mines and coal flue ash (Depuydt et al., 2007, Nusen et al., 2015).Zinc oxide dust with high germanium content is obtained by pyrometallurgical enrichment of lead-zinc ore residue containing germanium, that is, zinc oxide dust is prepared by

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Germanium Element information, properties and uses Periodic

Germanium ores are very rare. They are found in small quantities as the minerals germanite and argyrodite. Germanium minerals are also present in zinc ores, and commercial production of germanium is carried out by processing zinc smelter flue dust. It can also be recovered from the by-products of combustion of certain coals.

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processing zinc ore germanium kooks.co.za

Germanium is mainly a byproduct of zinc ore processing. It is a hard, grayish-white element; it has a metallic luster and the same crystal structure as diamond; and it is brittle, like glass. Zinc Ore Processing Line gijmelbergwijk

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Germanium Data Sheet Mineral Commodity Summaries

to a refinery in Canada for processing and germanium recovery. A zinc smelter in Clarksville, TN, produced and exported germanium leach concentrates recovered from processing zinc concentrates from the Middle Tennessee China 94,900 85,000 content of zinc ores are not available. Russia 6,000 6,000 Other countries10 30,000 40,000

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zinc processing Ores Britannica

Zinc ores are widely distributed throughout the world, although more than 40 percent of the world’s output originates in North America and Australia. The common zinc-containing minerals are the zinc sulfide known as zinc blende or sphalerite (ZnS), a ferrous form of zinc blende known as marmatite [(ZnFe)S], and a zinc carbonate known as calamine or smithsonite

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Research on the Behavior of Germanium in the Leaching Process

Aug 19, 2018Therefore, germanium is usually extracted from other germanium -bearing metal ores, germanium -bearing coal or other germanium secondary resources [3, 4]. sulfuric acid leaching is usually the first step when processing germanium -bearing zinc oxide . Thereafter, germanium and zinc are separated by various methods. Zhuzhou Smelter, Huize

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Leaching of Germanium from Zinc Residue in H 2 SO 4 /SO 2

Jun 05, 2018Zinc residue with high germanium, a waste solid product of hydrometallurgical zinc process is dumped continuously, causing the loss of germanium. Zinc residue was characterized by chemical analysis, X-ray diffraction, and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry methods. The results showed that, the mineralogical compositions of the zinc

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Germanium Wikipedia

Some zinc-copper-lead ore bodies contain enough germanium to justify extraction from the final ore concentrate. An unusual natural enrichment process causes a high content of germanium in some coal seams, discovered by Victor Moritz Goldschmidt during a broad survey for germanium deposits. The highest

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Mineral Commodity Summaries 2022 Germanium

Germanium-containing concentrates in Alaska were exported to a refinery in Canada for processing and germanium recovery. A zinc smelter in Clarksville, TN, produced and exported germanium leach concentrates 9 The available resources of germanium are associated with certain zinc and lead-zinc-copper sulfide ores. Substantial U.S. reserves of

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A Colorimetric Method for the Estimation of

Central R&D Laboratory, Hindustan Zinc Limited, Zinc Smelter, Udaipur 313024 Received 30 April 1984;revised 24 July 1984;rereoised and accepted 1 February 1985 A simple and rapid colorimetric method for the estimation of germanium in zinc concentrates, zinc oxide and drum-filter-cake samples encountered in the zinc industry is reported. The

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Zinc ore and mines Minerals and mines Foundations of the

Zinc ore is most commonly found as zinc carbonate (ZnCO 3), known as calamine or smithsonite. It generally occurs as rounded, crystalline crusts or granular, honeycombed masses that have a vitreous or pearly luster and are typically dirty brown or grey in colour. This process often destroyed the original vein, instead creating a series of

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Chapter 18: The Representative Elements UC Santa Barbara

Germanium is recovered from the flue dust of industrial plants processing zinc ores. Germanium is mainly used in the semiconductor industry. Tin is easily obtained from it ore (cassiterite (SnO 2)) by reduction with carbon. Tin is expensive and not very strong but it is resistant to corrosion. 20 Lead is durable and malleable

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Germanium Gallium Ore Leaching with Sulfuric Acid

Sep 23, 2018From Figure 1 it is apparent that in the leaching of Apex ore, germanium solubility decreased substantially in highly concentrated sulfuric acid solutions. This same behavior was observed in the leaching of germanium from zinc processing residues (Harbuck, 1989). Pugh (1929), in studying the GeO2-H2SO4 system at 25°C, Figure 2, found that as

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processing zinc ore germanium tcbasdongen

Germanium is mainly a byproduct of zinc ore processing. It is a hard, grayishwhite element; it has a metallic luster and the same crystal structure as diamond; and it is brittle, like glass. In addition, it is important to note that germanium is a semiconductor, with electrical properties between those of a metal and an insulator.

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Germanium: 2022 World Market Review and Forecast to 2031

About Germanium Market. germanium (Ge) supply is primarily dependent on zinc mining as it is produced as a by-product from zinc ore and is not mined as a primary material. recycling is an important source of Ge supply; about 30% of the world’s total production of germanium is from recycled material. germanium demand is foreseen to increase in

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PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF GERMANIUM BY

The invention relates to the manufacture of high purity germanium for the manufacture of e.g. infra red optics, radiation detectors and electronic devices. GeCl4 is converted to Ge metal by contacting Process for the recovery and purification of germanium from zinc ores: 4533387: Chemical process for producing alkali and alkaline earth

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processing zinc ore germanium